Summer Term - Ground-breaking Greeks
We will be learning about developments and changes over six periods of ancient Greek history, focusing on the city state of Athens in the Classical age, and exploring the lasting legacy of ancient Greece.
Our 'Know and Learn More About' in each topic this half term are;
- Light appears to travel in straight lines, and we see objects when light from them goes into our eyes.
- The light may come directly from light sources, but for other objects some light must be reflected from the object into our eyes for the object to be seen.
- Objects that block light (are not fully transparent) will cause shadows.
- Because light travels in straight lines the shape of the shadow will be the same as the outline shape of the object.
- Transparent objects allow all light through, translucent objects allow some light through and opaque objects allow no light through.
Many new designs and inventions influenced society. For example, labour-saving devices in the home reduced the amount of housework, which was traditionally done by women. This enabled them to have jobs.
The ancient Greeks developed the Classical form of architecture. They used columns to support roofs, which had three main orders; Doric, Ionic and Corinthian. Ancient Greek buildings were symmetrical and beautiful.
Support, stiffness and stability can be created by using triangular shapes to create strong frameworks, columns to support roofs and overlapping brickwork patterns.
Computer-aided design (CAD) is the use of specialised computer software to design objects.
Testing a product against the design criteria will highlight anything that needs improvement or redesign. Changes are often made to a design during manufacture.#
There are 6 periods in Ancient Greek History: the Minoan civilization (c3000 BC–c1100 BC), the Mycenaean civilization (c1600 BC–c1100 BC), the Dark Age (c1100 BC–c800 BC), the Archaic period (c800 BC–c500 BC), the Classical period (c500 BC–323 BC) and the Hellenistic period (323 BC–30 BC).
Artefacts from different periods of history tell historians about the technology and skills used, the materials available, aspects of culture and everyday life, and changes over time.
A city state, or polis, included a city and the surrounding farmland and villages.
Four significant figures in ancient Athens were: Cleisthenes, the ‘father of Athenian democracy’; Pericles, a statesman who was responsible for the building of the Acropolis; Socrates, a great philosopher in ancient Greece; and Plato, a philosopher and founder of the first university in Athens.
Male citizens were at the top of the social hierarchy in Athens. Citizens included aristoi who owned property and the best farmland, periokoi who lived in smaller settlements outside the city and businessmen who made money from trade. Metics, skilled workers who did not come from Athens, were next in the hierarchy. Slaves were at the bottom. Women took on the status of the men in their families.
Parent Grid Summer 1 and 2
In Science, we have been looking at how light travels. We have looked at reflection, absorption and refraction and different items that would reflect, absorb and refract light. We did this by choosing items from around the room and shining a torch through them to see how much light, if any, passed through.